Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier
1887-1965 Switzerland

website: www.fondationlecorbusier.asso.fr

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier was a Swiss-born architect and writer, who is famous for his contributions to what now is called Modern Architecture. He became a French citizen in his 30s. He was a pioneer in theoretical studies of modern design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities.

d0079151_2352755.jpgThe Modulor:Main article Le Corbusier explicitly used the golden ratio in his Modulor system for the scale of architectural proportion. He saw this system as a continuation of the long tradition of Vitruvius, Leonardo da Vinci's "Vitruvian Man", the work of Leon Battista Alberti, and others who used the proportions of the human body to improve the appearance and function of architecture. In addition to the golden ratio, Le Corbusier based the system on human measurements, Fibonacci numbers, and the double unit.
He took Leonardo's suggestion of the golden ratio in human proportions to an extreme: he sectioned his model human body's height at the navel with the two sections in golden ratio, then subdivided those sections in golden ratio at the knees and throat; he used these golden ratio proportions in the Modulor system.
Le Corbusier's 1927 Villa Stein in Garches exemplified the Modulor system's application. The villa's rectangular ground plan, elevation, and inner structure closely approximate golden rectangles.

Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut a Ronchamp Ronchamp,France 1951

by another29 | 2003-09-30 14:50 | □Architect

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