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Le Corbusier

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Le Corbusier
Architect
1887-1965 Switzerland

website: www.fondationlecorbusier.asso.fr


Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier was a Swiss-born architect and writer, who is famous for his contributions to what now is called Modern Architecture. He became a French citizen in his 30s. He was a pioneer in theoretical studies of modern design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities.




d0079151_2352755.jpgThe Modulor:Main article Le Corbusier explicitly used the golden ratio in his Modulor system for the scale of architectural proportion. He saw this system as a continuation of the long tradition of Vitruvius, Leonardo da Vinci's "Vitruvian Man", the work of Leon Battista Alberti, and others who used the proportions of the human body to improve the appearance and function of architecture. In addition to the golden ratio, Le Corbusier based the system on human measurements, Fibonacci numbers, and the double unit.
He took Leonardo's suggestion of the golden ratio in human proportions to an extreme: he sectioned his model human body's height at the navel with the two sections in golden ratio, then subdivided those sections in golden ratio at the knees and throat; he used these golden ratio proportions in the Modulor system.
Le Corbusier's 1927 Villa Stein in Garches exemplified the Modulor system's application. The villa's rectangular ground plan, elevation, and inner structure closely approximate golden rectangles.



Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut a Ronchamp Ronchamp,France 1951
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by another29 | 2003-09-30 14:50 | □Architect

Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe

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Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe
Architect
1886-1969 Germany


Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, along with Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture. Mies, like many of his post World War I contemporaries, sought to establish a new architectural style that could represent modern times just as Classical and Gothic did for their own eras. He created an influential Twentieth-Century architectural style, stated with extreme clarity and simplicity. His mature buildings made use of modern materials such as industrial steel and plate glass to define austere but elegant spaces.



Farnsworth House Plano,Illinois 1945-1951 website: www.farnsworthhouse.org
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Barcelona Pavilion Barcelona,Spain 1928-1929
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d0079151_45033.jpgThe Barcelona Pavilion, designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was the German Pavilion for the 1929 International Exposition in Barcelona. It was an important building in the history of modern architecture, known for its simple form and extravagant materials, such as marble and travertine.

The building stood on a large podium alongside a pool. The structure itself consisted of eight steel posts supporting a flat roof, with curtain glass walling and a handful of partition walls. The overall impression is of perpendicular planes in three dimensions forming a cool, luxurious space. Mies designed the Barcelona chair for the house. The Pavilion was dismantled at the end of the exhibition, but a copy has since been built on the same site.
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by another29 | 2003-09-28 03:21 | □Architect